Red Squirrel walk
Red squirrels in the UK are under threat from the introduced grey squirrel. Numbers in the UK have fallen from a onetime high thought to be around 3.5 million, to a current estimated population of around 120,000.
Tonight was the night that many of us had hoped to see these shy creatures.
Russell who was leading the walk had set up some feeding stations and had photographed some red squirrels feeding at some of them.
During our introduction we learnt the population in England is thought to be as low as 15,000. The most significant threat associated with grey squirrels is the spread and transmission of a disease called squirrelpox virus. Grey squirrels do not suffer from the virus but once a red has become infected they will invariably die within two weeks.
Russell gave us a very detailed background about the red squirrel and as we headed down into the forest the anticipation was building as we all kept our eyes peeled.
After brief overview of what was ahead we headed off to see one of the feeders but sadly nothing could be spotted and as we climbed up to the road again past another feeder the Red Squirrels where having the final laugh.
I hope you agree it was a very informative evening and hopefully we will all know a little more and be more successful in spotting red squirrels in the future.
Red Squirrels Northern England (RSNE) is a project that aims to increase red squirrel.
Their work is principally based in Cumbria, Northumberland, Merseyside, Lancashire, north-west Durham and the Yorkshire Dales, in and close to areas where red squirrels are still living free in the landscape.
You can report sightings of red squirrels, join local groups and find out places you can visit where you can enjoy red squirrels.
To find out more about their work, please visit www.rsne.org.uk
Four hill forts of the valley
Rothbury Walking Festival is now in full swing and today we had a superb walk taking in both sides of the valley looking at the ‘Four Hill Forts of the valley’.
After meeting at the new Shepherds Walks centre in Rothbury we headed up through the village before climbing up along Gravely Bank. A well-deserved rest at the top gave us a great overview of the valley and also the two hill forts on the south side of the valley.
We continued to gently climb up to the first of the hill forts.
- Rothbury Hillfort -
Old Rothbury Hillfort is situated west of Rothbury on the northside of the valley and sits close to westhills camp.
The fort has a double ring fortification though in places only a single ring is visible.
There are traces of hut circles inside the enclosure.
It always seems a bit odd to find a hillfort half-way up a hill. You'd think it would have been too easy for attackers to lob missiles down from above.
But, the inhabitants of Rothbury must have had their reasons I suppose. The fort is on a nicely situated plateau, and there are traces of hut circles. They went to a bit of effort to build the double ditch and rampart system, though in some places there's just a single bank and ditch, as the natural slope is pretty steep.
From Rothbury Hillfort we continued to climb up before reaching and dropping down Physic Lane before doing a short detour to our next hill fort.
- West Hills Camp -
The site covers about 3 acres. This Iron Age multivallate hillfort is located on a spur overlooking a valley located to the south. The earthworks are well-preserved in their eastern and northern part where three lines of ramparts can be distinguished. There is a wide berm between two innermost ramparts.
It has never been excavated, although earlier field reports mention remains of hut circles, nowadays difficult to distinguish. East of the hillfort there are bedrock outcrops with Neolithic/Bronze Age rock art.
After visiting West Hill Camp we continued down to Thropton before crossing the River Coquet, crossing the valley floor and we climbed up to a well-deserved lunch stop at Tosson Lime Kiln.
The sun was out, we had picnic tables, what could anybody else ask for?
Everybody was now fully refreshed for our steep climb up to the next of our hillforts.
- Tosson Burgh Hillfort -
This Iron Age hillfort occupies a very dramatic location, it is visible from miles away (even from Rothbury). It occupies a carefully chosen naturally defended site overlooking the Coquet valley to the north, west and east. Though there are no traces of habitation within the ramparts, the fort is unexcavated, and such features may survive below ground level.
The strong situation of Tosson Burgh hillfort suggests that it was intended for use as a fortification, though a public display of power and status may have been equally important.
Though evidence of habitation may yet be found inside the rampart, the fort is not large in area, in common with many other hillforts in Northumberland, and is unlikely to have supported any sizeable population. Smaller hillforts may have served as defended farmsteads established by autonomous small groups, rather than proto-urban centres.
Onwards and upwards as we climbed up away from Tosson Burgh Hillfort through Rothbury Forest to Simonside. We skirted around the ridge but then climbed upto Dove Crag before following the ridge back down to our next hill fort.
- Lordenshaws iron Age Hillfort -
Lordenshaw Hillfort comprises 3 ramparts separated by ditches and a counterscarp bank with a 2 metres high inner bank. Within the hillfort there are the remains of Iron Age hut circles. There are two entrances to the site, one to the east and one to the west. There are many rock art sites close by the hillfort.
It is a truly striking Iron Age hillfort.
It was downhill all the way after Lordenshaws and the group had a real sense of achievement and so they should. They had visited the four hill forts of the valley and as they arrived back in Rothbury it had been a real walk to remember.
Craster and Dunstanburgh Castle
When planning this year’s Rothbury Walking Festival I thought let’s do a few ‘different’ walks and this was one – a trip to the coast.
The weather was a little cool as we all met at Craster and after a few minutes we were walking along one of the most famous coastlines in Northumberland between Craster and Dunstanburgh Castle.
Thankfully we had some sheep to look at on our journey with people from all over the country attending a walk there was a great mix that all gelled very quickly.
We soon reached Dunstanburgh Castle.
Recent evidence suggests that the site of the castle was occupied in prehistoric times: however, the principal remains date from the 14th century.3 In 1313, Earl Thomas of Lancaster, cousin of Edward II of England, began construction of a massive fortress. By the time of his execution in 1322, the castle was substantially complete. John of Gaunt improved the castle in the late 14th century as the Duke of Lancaster.
The castle did not play a significant part in the border warfare against Scotland. In the Wars of the Roses the castle was held for the Lancastrians in 1462 and 1464. The damage done was not made good and the castle fell steadily into decay. A report in 1538 mentioned it as being a "very reuynus howsse and of smalle strength" and another source in 1550 described it as in "wonderful great decaye". It continued to deteriorate and was robbed of stone for the building of other places in the area. The last private owner Sir Arthur Sutherland donated the castle to the Ministry of Works in 1929. The castle is now owned by the National Trust and in the care of English Heritage. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building. It lies within the Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
From Dunstanburgh Castle we headed onto Dunstanburgh Golf Course and then dropped down onto Embleton Bay from where we had some great views looking back at the castle.
We then passed inland and turned south again on our journey to Dunstan Streads. On our way we passed an old Lime Kiln and a Pill box which made for an ideal lunch stop.
After Dunstan steads we headed back towards the coastline and made our way back to Craster.
A truly great 5 mile walk with great company.